What are the Similarities Between Monarch and Viceroy Butterfly – Outline of Common Features 4. This line is visible from both the top and bottom making it particularly easy to see when the butterfly is at rest. What is the Difference Between Monarch and Viceroy Butterfly – Comparison of Key Differences, Key Terms: Hindwing, Horizontal Black Strip, Monarch Butterfly, Müllerian Mimicry, Viceroy Butterfly. Its wings feature an orange and black pattern, and over most of its range it is a Müllerian mimic with the monarch butterfly (Danaus plexippus). Hence, they are called brush-footed butterflies. Monarch and viceroy butterflies have forewings and hindwings. Mimicry works! The bright orange color in both is a type of advertising coloration used to warn predators. The (larger) Monarch lacks this line. Both butterflies exhibit Müllerian mimicry. Both have similar coloration in the wings with bright orange with black color strips. The Viceroy's hind wing stripe is not present on the Monarch as you can see in this picture. Butterfly weed, a most handsome milkweed, Asclepias tuberosa. What is the orange flower that the monarch is on? 1 Jean August 30, 2019 at 1:27 pm. Whether viceroy adults have time to develop before monarchs reach you depends on your distance from Mexico. Note the antennae. Caterpillars of monarchs and viceroys are significantly different in appearance as well. Hence, they store alkaloids from the milkweed, which makes the taste of the butterfly horrible to its predators. “Viceroy Butterfly – Limenitis Archippus .” Atlantic Puffin – Fratercula Arctica – NatureWorks, Available here. This butterfly is about four inches wide when it opens its wings. “Monarch Viceroy Mimicry Comparison” By PiccoloNamek (2005-08-22, uploaded by User:Lokal_Profil on 13:50, June 15, 2006) and Derek Ramsey (User:Ram-Man). Caterpillars of both types of butterflies feed on leaves with foul-taste and toxic chemicals. 1. Hence, they taste horrible to their predators, same as the monarch butterflies. All Rights Reserved. Monarchs never have dots, only stripes. They spend the winter hundreds of miles away from the starting point and are found at high altitudes in central Mexico and on the coast of southern California during winter. It can be distinguished from the monarch by its smaller size and the postmedian black line that runs across the veins on the hindwing. need about 15 days to complete the life cycle and become a butterfly. Monarch caterpillars are striped in vivid black and yellow, which warn off predators and act as camouflage. What is the Difference Between Aedes and Anopheles... What is the Difference Between Roach and Waterbug. Wingspan - 2 3/4 to 4 inches. Viceroy vs. Monarch. You will have NO trouble at all distinguishing the two species during their early stages of life. An adult monarch butterfly The border of the wings of both butterflies is black and consists of several white spots. Figure 2: Monarch (left) and Viceroy (right) Butterflies. It is a dead ringer for a Viceroy Caterpillar image on BugGuide. A comparison between monarch and viceroy butterflies is shown in figure 2. They are mainly found in North America. Monarch flight is float-like in comparison, with its characteristic "flap, flap, glide" pattern. They come from different subfamilies and have different habits (the monarch famously migrates, the viceroy not so much). “Monarch” by John Flannery (CC BY-SA 2.0) via Flickr, Lakna, a graduate in Molecular Biology & Biochemistry, is a Molecular Biologist and has a broad and keen interest in the discovery of nature related things, Difference Between Monarch and Viceroy Butterfly, What are the Similarities Between Monarch and Viceroy Butterfly, What is the Difference Between Monarch and Viceroy Butterfly, Difference Between Carpenter Ants and Termites, Difference Between Termites and White Ants. It has orange-brown wings with dark black veins. The viceroy caterpillar eats the leaves of willow and poplar trees. Therefore, both monarch and viceroy butterflies share Müllerian mimicry. The rate of viceroy development will depend on spring temperatures. It can grow up to a wingspan of 6 to 8 centimeters in its lifetime and weight up to 0.65 grams. It is frequently noted that the Viceroy (a non-toxic butterfly) mimics the aposematic coloring of the supposedly toxic Monarch butterfly. Whereas in the northeastern United States, monarchs don't usually arrive until mid to late June but adult viceroys typically emerge by late May. Thank you. After trying to eat one most predators will not try to eat a second Monarch, and most are fooled into thinking the Viceroy is also a Monarch. The caterpillars of these 2 species though are different but similar. The Viceroy Butterfly is best known for being a mimic of the Monarch. Viceroy butterflies look like monarchs to the untrained observer. One birder commented that seeing a Monarch and a Viceroy together is like seeing a Downy Woodpecker and a Hairy Woodpecker. Monarch or Viceroy? Black swallowtail caterpillar. Caterpillar - Black, yellow and cream bands with black tentacles behind the head. Caterpillars incorporate toxic chemicals into the body of the adult butterfly. The border of the wings of both butterflies is black and consists of several white spots. Range - Common in the Americas. The main difference between Monarch and viceroy butterfly is that monarch butterfly has strips extending from the top to the bottom of the hindwings whereas viceroy butterfly has a horizontal black strip crossing the vertical strips of the hindwing in the postmedian level. I saw some at the Naval Cemetery Landscape … Copyright Journey North (journeynorth.org). Both have black strips extending from top to bottom of the hindwing. Both monarch and viceroy butterflies are unpalatable and they share the similar color pattern in their wings. The viceroy and the monarch butterfly may seem the same at first glance, but there are some differences that will set one apart from the other. In human society, that would be termed an imposter. 5 Responses to “Viceroy vs. Monarch ” Feed for this Entry Trackback Address. They also have a horizontal, black strip on their hindwing. 1. Can you tell the difference between a Monarch butterfly and a Viceroy butterfly? 1. A monarch butterfly is a large migratory butterfly with orange and black. Viceroys vs. Monarch Caterpillars Now Viceroys and Monarchs might look a lot alike as butterflies, but they look COMPLETELY different as larvae. The viceroy is also a bit smaller than the monarch. Read on to discover whether that bright orange and black butterfly in your garden is the king Monarchs have what appears to be black antennae on both ends of their body. The viceroy seems to have a black line that is placed on its hind wings while the monarch butterfly does not have this line. Viceroys are smaller than monarchs, although this size difference may be difficult to see in the field. The monarch butterfly (Danaus plexippus), which seems to be more widely known than the viceroy, eats milkweed when it is in its caterpillar stage. Black swallowtails have their stripe pattern includes dots of yellow, or sometimes orange.